William Knibb: was born in 1803 in Kettering, Northamptonshire. He came to Jamaica as a Baptist missionary and based on what he saw, was determined to ‘slay the monster’ of slavery, which proved a challenge as missionaries depended on the benevolence of the plantation owners. Knibbs was jailed for ‘inciting a rebellion’, threatened with tar and feathers and had his church and classrooms burned to the ground. He was exonerated of all the charges brought against him.
William Knibb, MissionaryIn one impassioned speech, he is reported to have said, “I call upon children, by the cries of the infant slave who I saw flogged on the Macclesfield Estate, in Westmoreland. . . . I call upon parents, by the blood streaming back of Catherine Williams , who, with a heroism England has seldom known, preferred a dungeon to the surrender of her honour. I call upon Christians by the lacerated back of William Black of King's Valley, whose back, a month after flogging, was not healed. I call upon you all, by the sympathies of Jesus.”
He lobbied tirelessly on the island and in England for the abolition of slavery. His work was not in vain and he continued making representation before the Houses of Parliament until slavery was abolished. Beyond that, he travelled to and from Jamaica again when the slaves were being taken advantage of under amelioration. This lobby resulted in the period of amelioration being reduced from six to four years. On the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery (1988) in British territories, William Knibb was conferred with the Order of Merit, Jamaica's highest honour granted to civilians. A high school and church were named in his honour.
|Downtown Kingston & harbour|
Kingston was founded in the late 1600’s after an earthquake destroyed the city of Port Royal, which was described at the time as the wickedest city in the world, thanks to the pirates. An aside here, Calico Jack met his death in 1672 by hanging (at the harbour). This was to discourage piracy. Sir Henry Morgan, another pirate became Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica in 1720.
SpanishTown was the seat of government, but over time (in 1872), Kingston came to replace it as the capital city. Most of the island’s economic activity still takes place in Kingston. Today, Kingston is home to several universities, theatres, botanical gardens, a defunct railway station and several museums. I should mention that Kingston never sleeps. The nightlife is awesome, if that’s your thing.
|Kata is between head tie & basket|
Kata: is a Japanese word that describes a choreographed series of movements. In Jamaica, a Kata is a wound piece of cloth that cushions the head from heavy loads. These were used in the olden days when transportation was limited. It is thought that the practice of using a kata came over with the slaves from Africa.
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